in

Court rules against religious exemptions in gay wedding invitation case using cakeshop logic

Wedding Invitation Shutterstock

An appeals court in Arizona just ruled against a stationery store’s legal challenge to a local anti-discrimination law.

In 2016, Brush & Nib sued Phoenix, arguing that the city’s ban on discrimination violated the company’s freedom of speech.

Among other services, the newly-formed store wanted to print wedding invitations… but only for straight couples. The store’s owners also wanted to post a sign saying that they refuse to serve same-sex couples.

No same-sex couple had asked Brush & Nib for invitations at that point. But co-owners Joanna Duka and Breanna Koski said that they were “devout Christians” who wanted to overturn the civil rights law before any complaints could be filed against them.

A state court of appeals just ruled that Phoenix’s anti-discrimination ordinance does not violate anyone’s free speech, since it advances a legitimate government interest by prohibiting conduct, not speech.

“While such a requirement may impact speech, such as prohibiting places of public accommodation from posting signs that discriminate against customers, this impact is incidental to properly regulated conduct,” wrote Judge Lawrence Winthrop for the court.

“Simply stated, if appellants, as an economic entity, want to operate their for-profit business as a public accommodation, they cannot discriminate against potential patrons based on sexual orientation.”

The court also rejected the store’s religious freedom argument.

“What appellants cannot do is use their religion as a shield to discriminate against potential customers,” Winthrop wrote.

Duka and Koski argued that the civil rights ordinance forced them to “speak in favor of same-sex marriages.”

Winthrop said that the law does no such thing. The store owners are free to “post a statement endorsing their belief that marriage is between a man and a woman” or “post a disclaimer that the act of selling their goods and services to same-sex couples does not constitute an endorsement of their customers’ exercise of their constitutional right to marry.”

In other words, they can have their opinion and tell everyone they want about their opinion, so the law isn’t violating their freedom of speech.

Duka and Koski were represented by the Alliance Defending Freedom, which decried the ruling in a statement. “Artists shouldn’t be forced under the threat of fines and jail time to create artwork contrary to their core convictions,” the statement read.

This Story Filed Under

Let’s block ads! (Why?)

Source

26 Comments

Leave a Reply
  1. Restylane乃一系列用於美顏的長效透明質酸產品。 Restylane療程能有效撫平皺紋、美化臉型輪廓及唇部,並可改善膚質及肌膚的彈性。Restylane透明質酸作用原理 Restylane透明質酸均以非動物來源的透明質酸作為原料,獨有的NASHA™專利技術研製而成。微量Restylane透明質酸凝膠到皮膚中,可以讓您的面部肌膚恢復豐盈飽滿。 Restylane透明質酸中的透明質酸與人體內的天然透明質酸十分相似,使用前無需進行皮膚測試,引起過敏反應的機率亦極低。

  2. 我們彩用國際及美國食品及藥物管理局FDA認可的CO2 激光儀 Lutronics® Spectra SPR, 具安全性, 準確度高 . 二氧化碳激光可安全地去除皮膚上的癦痣、肉粒、疣、老人斑等問題。此激光的幼細光束可準確及直接地將要去除的組織氧化,過程快捷,傷口細小及乾淨,對周圍的皮膚傷害減至最少。一般1-2次就可永久去除。

  3. 9合1升級保護,提升全面防護!!! 相比之前四合一的疫苗只能預防四種hpv病毒,70的相關癌症。 九合一可以預防9種hpv病毒,可預防高達90以上的子宮頸癌、外陰癌、陰道癌和肛門癌及癌前病變等。 HPV9合1子宮頸癌疫苗 Gardasil 功效 100 預防高危致癌的 HPV 16、18、31、33、45、52 及 58 型號 (可減低 90 患子宮頸癌、、90-95 肛門癌、85-90 外陰癌、80-85 陰道癌及相關癌前病變的風險) 100 減低引致生殖器官濕疣 (俗稱「椰菜花」) 的 HPV 6、11 型的感染 (可減低超過 90 患生殖器官濕疣的風險) 男性方面,能減低患上肛門癌、生殖器官濕疣 (俗稱「椰菜花」) 及傳播 HPV 病毒的風險 注射位置紅腫及痛、輕微發燒和頭痛,至今未有嚴重副作用記錄

  4. 以低能量的1064-Q激光反覆掃於皮膚表面,逐步改善皮膚色素問題。 治療時產生的熱能能促進膠原蛋白的再生,回復肌膚彈性。 使用7mm平行光光頭,使輸出的激光更溫和及均勻。功效: 去除紋身 美白及去除面毛 令整體膚色更白更均勻 減淡及去除荷爾蒙斑或反黑 增加皮膚膠原蛋白,改善皮膚彈性 減淡深層色斑 : 黃褐斑,荷爾蒙斑,蝴蝶斑 以低能量的1064-QS激光反覆掃於皮膚表面,逐步改善皮膚色素問題 使用8-10mm平行光光頭,使輸出的激光 更溫和及均勻 1. 激光能透進皮膚深層 2. 激光被黑色素吸收 3. 產生熱能將黑色素體分解 4. 被呑噬細胞吸收及排出體外

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Loading…

Comments

comments

What do you think?

0 points
Upvote Downvote

Total votes: 0

Upvotes: 0

Upvotes percentage: 0.000000%

Downvotes: 0

Downvotes percentage: 0.000000%

New LGBTQ resource to make finding care more accessible

Noclip’s Danny O’Dwyer On Filming With Bethesda Game Studios